Structural Geology


 

What is Structural Geology?


Watch
    • Planetary Formation Process                                     [Our Universe Visualized/YouTube]      1 min 
    • The Structure of Earth                                               [It’s OK To Be Smart/YouTube] 5      min 
    • The Early Earth and Plate Tectonics                         [Michael Freudiger/NatGeo/YouTube]      5 min

Further Reading


GeoChemistry

Further Reading
        • The Ingredients: A Guided Tour of the Elements     by Philip Ball 546 B
        • Napoleon's Buttons      by LeCouteur 540 L



Minerals & Mineralogy

    • Windows to the Universe - Minerals
    • NATURE: Diamonds                                                           [PBS]
    • How graphite pencils are made                                            [Gen. Pencil Co.]
    • Salt [Salt Inst.] and the Bonneville Salt Flats, UT               [Utah.com]
    • Rocks                                                                                   [Windows to Universe]
    • How rocks are created                                                          [Rock Hounds]
    • Where does coal come from?                                               [EIA]
    • Ruby-Sapphire
    • Minerals & Energy                                                               [EarthScienceAustralia]
    • Larson Jewelers  Minerals, Rocks & Fossils                        Thanks to E.G. & M. G.!
    • 'Cancelled Utah Race Renews Fears of shrinking salt flats'   by Michelle L. Price, NPR, July 27, 2015.  Last accessed http://bigstory.ap.org/e2bc17a426844051ba170d3564b6a519&utm_source=android_app&utm_medium=mail&utm_campaign=share
    • 'In Glittering Gems, Reading Earth's Story'       by Carl Zimmer, NYT:Science.  June 13, 2013.  Last accessed July 15, 2013.   http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/13/science/in-glittering-gems-reading-earths-story.html?emc=eta1&_r=0
    • 'How Do Diamonds Form?  They Don't Form From Coal!'    by Hobart King, Geology.com.  Last accessed August 2013 http://geology.com/articles/diamonds-from-coal/
 

Watch
      • Silicates 1.mov                                                                                                                      [Wendy VanNorden/YouTube] 10 min 
      • AGPR201 09 09 Tetrahedron                                                                                                [WWCCSoils/YouTube] 2 min 
      • Growing Super Salt Crystals - Time Lapse Photography - Experiment #2 : Slide-Lok       [SlideLoc/YouTube] 2 min 
      • Weird Places: Mexico’s Giant Crystal Cave                                                                         [SciShow/YouTube] 4 min 
      • The Dazzling Minerals Behind Modern Life                                                                        [NOVA PBS/YouTube] 2 min 




Rocks & Petrology

  • Rocks and Minerals                                                                                             [USGS]
  • Home Hobbies: Rock Collecting                                                                        [HomeAdvisor]      Thanks P.V.  &  K.V.!
  • Obsidian                                                                                                               [Jim Miller]
  • Rocks Under The Microscope                                                                             [OESIS]
  • Rocks in the Field                                                                                                [OESIS]
  • Rocks in Hand Specimen                                                                                     [OESIS]
  • Sedimentary Rocks                                                                                              [Oil On My Shoes]
 
Watch
    • Igneous Rocks                                                                                                              [ClickView AU/NZ/YouTube] 4 min 
    • 3 Types of Rocks and The Rock Cycle: Igneous, Sedimentary and Metamorphic      [Free School/YouTube] 4:30 min 
    • Identifying Metamorphic Rocks                                                                                   [Earth Rocks!/YouTube] 14 min 
    • Identifying Sedimentary Rocks                                                                                    [Earth Rocks!/YouTube] 14 min
    • How a fossil is made - animation Osis                                                                         [Shannon Ribbons/YouTube] 2 min 
    • How Fossils Are Formed                                                                                             [thesingingteranodon1/YouTube] 3 min 
    • Earth’s First Rocks                                                                                                       [NatGeo/YouTube] 3 min 





Plate Tectonics Theory


Watch
      • Plate Boundary Overview                                                                        [Science619/YouTube] 5 min
      • Layers of the Earth—How were they found? What are they?                 [IRIS EPO/YouTube] 6:30 min
      • Animated Life – Pangaea / Op Docs / The New York Times                  [NYTimes.com/YouTube] 7:30 min
      • Sea Floor Spreading & Plate Tectonic Evidence                                     [Alexandria Cellucci/YouTube] 2 min
      • Sea Floor Spreading with Bill Nye                                                          [Kevin Murray/YouTube] 4 min
      • Divergent Boundary—Fast Spreading Ridge Educational                      [IRIS EPO/YouTube] 1 min
      • Transform Fault—San Andreas                                                               [IRIS EPO/Youtube] 30 seconds
      • Convergent Margin—Subduction to Tsunami (Educational)                  [IRIS EPO/YouTube] 1:15 min
      • Earth 100 Million Years from Now                                                        [SpaceRip/YouTube] 3 min
      • Basin and Range - Measuring Extension                                                [IRIS EPO/YouTube] 1 min
      • New Madrid Region: Geologic history in cross section (Educational)  [IRIS EPO/YouTube] 1 min
      • Ghost Forests of the Pacific Northwest—Evidence for Past Earthquakes [IRIS EPO/YouTube] 4 min
      • 'Plate Tectonics'                                                                                       [HMMI] 1 min
      • Video & Animation Chapters                                                                  [NOAA]
      • Geologic Journey 1 of 5 The Great Lakes                                               [Fiona McHugh/YouTube] 54 min
      • Geologic Journey 2 of 5 The Rockies                                                      [Fiona McHugh/YouTube] 51 min
      • Geologic Journey 3 of 5 The Canadian Shield                                        [Fiona McHugh/YouTube] 49 min
      • Geologic Journey 4 of 5 The Appalachians                                            [Fiona McHugh/YouTube] 50 min
      • Geologic Journey 5 of 5 The Atlantic Coast                                           [Fiona McHugh/YouTube] 51 min


Further Reading


Alaska & The Aleutian Islands

      • Alaska Volcano Observatory                                             [USGS/UAFGI/ADGGS]
      • Current Volcanic Activity                                                   [AVO]

Hawaii

The Cascade Range, Pacific NorthWest US

CS Carbonotite Volcanoes

      • Oldoinyo Lengai                                                                                                [VolcanoWorld]
      • Oldoinyo Lengai Volcano                                                                                  [St. Lawrence U.]
      • Ol Doinyo Lengai                                                                                              [NG]
      • Alkaline lava                                                                                                      [San Diego S.U.]
      • An oceanic carbonatite volcano on Santiago, Cape Verde Islands: Abstract        [Silva; Bas; Robertson: NPG]

Iceland

Columbia River Basalt Plateau

Craters of the Moon National Monument, Idaho

Pompeii & Herculaneum, Stabiae -- Mt. Vesuvius, Italy

      • Deadly Shadow of Vesuvius                                                 [NOVA]
      • Mt. Vesuvius Webcam
      • Pompeii: Virtual Tour                                                           [Cole Family]
      • Stabiae                                                                                   [Wikipedia]
      • Mt. Vesuvius, Italy & Pompeii  

Yellowstone National Park, WY -- The Bruno-Jarbridge Caldera

The Shatsky Ridge Submarine Supervolcano

Cascadia Fault Zone
1964 Earthquake, Prince William Sound, Alaska
      • Million-dollar Bridge                                                                                  [U.AK, Frbks]
      • 1964 Good Friday Earthquake, AK                                                           [USGS]
      • 1964 Good Friday Earthquake, AK                                                           [WC&TWC]
      • Photo Library 1964 EQ                                                                              [USGS]
      • Exxon Valdez                                                                                             [EPA]
      • Valdez Science
      • Natural History of Prince William Sound                                                     [AWSS]
      • You Tube Video: 1964 M9.2 Great Alaska Earthquake - Causes and Effects              6:30 min        byIRIS EPO
The San Andreas Faultzone (and San Gabriel Mountains)
Watch
      • 1964 Quake The Great Alaska Earthquake                                                                             [Geology Page/YouTube]       11:30 min  
      • San Francisco Earth Quake- 1989- Great Footage                                                                  [Chris Kinkade Photography/YouTube]   10:30 min
2011 Fukushima, Japan

Iceland/Bardarbunga & Holuhaurn Eruption of 2014-15

Watch
          • What is a Hot Spot (Educational)                                    [IRIS EPO/YouTube] 2 min
          • 'GMA' Flies Drove Over Erupting Volcano                     [ABC News/YouTube] 7 min
          • Animation Volcano Iceland 14-19 April                           [Ritchy72/YouTube] 1 min (Eijafjoll)
          • Life Of Hotspot Volcanic Island (Educational)                [IRIS EPO/YouTube] 3 min
 

Seafloor Spreading & Magnetic Pole Reversals


Watch
    • Sea Floor Spreading & Magnetic Polarity Stripes                                                   [Mr. G/YouTube] 20 sec 
    • NOVA Magnetic Pole Flip 530,000 Years Overdue & Happening Now?              [Global NewsNetwork/YouTube] 55 min
    • Sea Floor Spreading & Plate Tectonic Evidence                                                    [Alexandria Cellucci/YouTube] 2 min
    • Sea Floor Spreading with Bill Nye                                                                         [Kevin Murray/YouTube] 4 min
    • Divergent Boundary—Fast Spreading Ridge Educational                                      [IRIS EPO/YouTube] 1 min


Volcanoes & Volcanism

  • Natural Disasters & Hazards Mitigation                                       [LivingTheEarthSciences]
  • VolcanoWorld                                                                                                     [OSU]
  • Photo Glossary of volcanic terms                                                                        [USGS]
  • Global Volcanism Program                                                                                 [Smithsonian: Nat'l Museum of Nat. Hist.] 
  • The Electronic Volcano                                                                                       [Dartmouth College]
  • Volcano animation                                                                                              [BBC]
  • NOVA: Volcano's Deadly Warning                                                                    [PBS]
  • Real-time videocam images of volcanoes
  • Weekly Volcanic Activity Report                                                                       [Smithsonian/USGS]
  • NOVA: Into the Abyss                                                                                        [PBS]
  • Everything you probably wanted to know about volcanism                               [USGS]
  • Volcanology at the National Geophysical Data Center                                       [NOAA]
  • GNS Science                                                                                                        [Inst. of Geological & Nuclear Sciences: New Zealand Gov']
  • Current Volcanic Activity                                                                                     [VolcanoWorld]
  • Savage Earth - animations                                                                                    [PBS]
  • Windows to the Universe - Earth's Structure and plate motions
  • This Dynamic Earth text, USGS online edition
  • NOVA: Volcano's Deadly Warning
  • Real-time videocam images of volcanoes
  • Weekly Volcanic Activity Report                                                                         [Smithsonian/USGS]
  • Everything you probably wanted to know about volcanism                                 [USGS]
  • Impacts of Volcanic Ash & Air Travel                                                                 [USGS]
  • 'Accepted Theory Explaining Frequent Eruptions at Italy’s Stromboli Volcano Questioned'   Massachusetts Institute of Technology. ScienceDaily.  July 29, 2010.  http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/07/100725165824.htm
  • ’Rosetta Stone' Of Supervolcanoes Discovered In Italian Alps’ ScienceDaily Southern Methodist University. 21 September 2009. 5 August 2010 http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/09/090921093600.htm
  • ‘Link Between Exploration Well and Lusi Mud Volcano, Strongest Evidence to Date Shows’ ScienceDaily University of California - Berkeley. 14 February 2010. 6 August 2010 http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/02/100211211442.htm
  • ‘Eruptive Characteristics of Oregon's Mount Hood Analyzed’ ScienceDaily Oregon State University. 3 August 2010. 5 August 2010 http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/08/100802141905.htm
 
Further Reading
  • Krakatoa: The Day The World Exploded       by Simon Winchester 551.21W
  • Volcanoes: Suggested Reading                       [USGS] 
  • Volcanoes: Crucibles of Change      by Fisher, Heiken & Hulen
  • Surtsey      by Thorarinsson 551.2 T
  • Kilauea: Case History of a Volcano    by Herbert 551.2 H
  
Watch
    • Volcanic Eruptions / How It Happens / The New York Times                            [The NYTimes/YouTube] 2 min 
    • VolcanoMonitoring_GPS.mov                                                                             [IRIS EPO/YouTube] 39 seconds 
    • Drum of water into Erta Ale lava lake                                                                 [geoffmackley/YouTube] 1:30 min 
    • Volcano Eruption: Eruption of Mt. St. Helens (1980) Rare Footage                   [TheGoldmineofLostCulture/YouTube] 22 min 
    • 10 Things You Didn’t Know About Volcanoes                                                    [EliteDoxx/YouTube] 58 min 
    • Volcanoes Around the World                                                                               [Discover the Ice Age Floods/YouTube] 4 min 
    • Volcanoes (explosive eruptions, pyroclastic flows, and lahars)                           [JoseyWales93/YouTube] 
    • Lahars – Volcanic Mudflows                                                                               [Discover the Ice Age Floods/YouTube] 4:30 min 
    • Dome Collapse and Pyroclastic Flow at Unzen Volcano                                     [Geography Video/YouTube] 4 min 
    • Lahars in Japan                                                                                                     [Apolline Project/YouTube] 1:30 min 
    • Lava, Lahars, pyroclastic flow and debris                                                            [blubalute/YouTube] (*45 videos)



Earthquakes & Seismology

  • Natural Disasters & Hazards Mitigation                                                  [LivingTheEarthSciences]
  • Lamont-Doherty Cooperative Seismic Network
  • Earthquake                                                                                               [Virtual Courseware]
  • US Array - EarthScope seismometers                                                       [EarthScope]
  • Earthquakes!                                                                                            [digitalGEOLOGY.net]
  • Animated guide: Earthquakes                                                                    [BBC]
  • Latest Earthquakes                                                                                   [USGS]
  • How does a seismogram work? What is the Richter Scale?                       [HowStuffWorks]
  • Earthquake                                                                                               [NSF]
  • IRIS - Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology                          [IRIS]
  • Current Seismic Events                                                                             [IRIS]
  • SeismoArchives                                                                                        [IRIS]
  • Current Seismic Events                                                                             [USGS]
  • Top Ten List & Map                                                                                 [USGS]
  • Historic Earthquakes in NYS                                                                    [USGS]
  • National Geophysical Data Center: Earthquakes                                        [NOAA]
  • How does a seismogram work? What is the Richter Scale?                       [HowStuffWorks]
  • Putting Down Roots in Earthquake Country                                               [S CA EQ Center]
  • Why does New England quake?                                                               [Kafka, PhD.]
 
 
Further Reading
  • The Big One     by Jake Page & Charles Officer 551.00 P (New Madrid Faultzone)
  • When The Mississippi Ran Backwards      by Jay Feldman 551.2 F (New Madrid Faultzone)
  • A Dangerous Place      by Marc Reisner 979.4 R (California)
  • A Crack in the Edge of the World: America and the Great California Earthquake of 1906    by Simon Winchester
  • Disaster! The Great San Francisco Earthquake and Fire 1906      by Dan Kurzman 979.4 K
  • The Raging Sea: The Powerful Account of the Worst Tsunami in U.S. History     by Dennis Powers 979.4 P
  • Saving Cascadia     by John J. Nance
  • 'Major Offshore Quake Could Surge Inland to Seattle Area'  ScienceDaily American Geophysical Union.  2 January 2010. 6 July 2012.  http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/12/091230183449.htm 
  • 'Odds Are About 1-in-3 That Mega-Earthquake Will Hit Pacific Northwest in Next 50 Years, Scientists Say'  ScienceDaily Oregon State University.  25 May 2010. 6 July 2012.   http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/05/100524121250.htm

 

 Watch
      • 10 Things You Didn’t Know About Earthquakes                                                    [TheWorldIsBiggerThanMe/YouTube] 60 min 
      • Shadow Zones—Seismic waves Vs Light waves                                                    [IRIS EPO/YouTube] 3 min 
      • Seismic waves                                                                                                          [infogenesisgr/YouTube] 1:30 min 
      • Reading Travel-Time Curves (IRIS AOTM 9)                                                        [IRIS EPO/YouTube] 1:40 min 
      • 1964 M9.2 Great Alaska Earthquake – Causes and Effects                                     [IRIS EPO/YouTube] 7 min 
      • Computed Axial Tomography (CAT) Scan                                                              [IRIS EPO/YouTube] 1 min 
      • Seismic Tomography                                                                                                [IRIS EPO/YouTube] 1:30 min
      • Strike-slip fault                                                                                                         [IRIS EPO/YouTube] 18 seconds 
      • Normal Fault                                                                                                             [IRIS EPO/YouTube] 15 seconds 
      • Reverse Fault                                                                                                            [IRIS EPO/YouTube] 13 seconds 
      • Oblique Fault                                                                                                            [IRIS EPO/YouTube] 12 seconds 
      • Moment Magnitude Explained – What Happened to the Richter Scale?                 [IRIS EPO/YouTube] 5:40 min 
      • 1964 Quake The Great Alaska Earthquake                                                               [Geology Page/YouTube] 11:30 min 
      • San Francisco Earth Quake- 1989- Great Footage                                                   [Chris Kincade Photography/YouTube] 10:30 min 
      • Earthquake Animations                                                                                             [IRIS]
      • 'Earthquake Fault Lines in America - ABC News'                                                    [MIBStudios/YouTube]     4 min      

Tsunami