Resources: Economic Geology






Geological Resource Agencies

 


Industry & Economics

 

Further Reading

    • 'Saudi America: The economics of shale oil'   The Economist.  15 February 2014.  Accessed online http://www.economist.com/news/united-states/21596553-benefits-shale-oil-are-bigger-many-americans-realise-policy-has-yet-catch?frsc=dg%7ca
 

Careers & Job Opportunites





Earth's Natural Resources

Those materials can and need to be extracted from the Earth's crust.  These materials have properties that humans use to their benefit (to generate electricity, to make cars, to heat homes, to make jewelry, to generate chemicals used in industry, etc.) 
 
  • Energy Quest                                                                                              [CA Energy Commission]
  • Energy in Depth
  • This Month in Geoeconomics                                                                    [CFR]
  • Computed Axial Tomography (CAT) Scan                                                [You Tube: Earth Scope:IRIS]


Listen




Subsurface mapping techniques


Watch
      • 'How do Earthquakes reveal secrets of Earth's Interior?'     Video   Seismic Tomography      [IRIS]




Minerals, Ores, & Aggregates

 

Herkimer County,  New York
Stream Dredging ....  Yankee Fork, Idaho
Tunnel Mining .... Independence Gold  Mine (near) Palmer, Alaska
Open Pit Mining ..... The Kennicott Strip Mine, Utah
 
Watch 

o   ‘Robots Replace Miners in Oz’  by The Salfordian, You Tube video ~ 3 min  https://youtu.be/s0RCSX95QmE

 
Further Reading
     
     






    Energy Resources - Extraction

                           
                          Watch
                            • NASA’s Earth Minute: Gas Problem                                      [NASA EarthMinute/YouTube] 1 min (CO2) 
                            • NASA’s Earth Minute: Earth Has A Fever                             [NASA EarthMinute/YouTube] 1 min (climate modeling) 
                            • Future360.tv: What are our energy options?                           [Future360TV’s channel/YouTube] 3 min 
                            • Future360.tv: Scaling Energy                                                  [Future360TV’s channel/YouTube] 3 min 
                            • Future360.tv: Energy Efficiency 101                                      [Future360TV’s channel/YouTube] 3 min 
                            • Future360.tv: Oil                                                                      [Future360TV’s channel/YouTube] 3 min 
                            • Future360.tv: Natural Gas                                                       [Future360TV’s channel/YouTube] 3 min 
                            • Future360.tv: Nuclear                                                              [Future360TV’s channel/YouTube] 3 min 
                            • How Geothermal Energy Works                                              [worldwebmanagement/YouTube] 2 min 
                            • Future360.tv: Hydropower                                                       [Future360TV’s channel/YouTube] 3 min 
                            • Future360.tv: Coal                                                                    [Future360TV’s channel/YouTube] 3 min 
                            • Future360.tv: Wind                                                                   [Future360TV’s channel/YouTube] 3 min 
                            • Future360.tv: Solar                                                                    [Future360TV’s channel/YouTube] 3 min 
                            • Future360.tv: Biofuel’s                                                              [Future360TV’s channel/YouTube] 3 min 
                            • 3D Seismic                                                                                 [ge0physicsrocks/YouTube] 4:30 min 
                            • Oil and Gas Recovery Demonstration                                        [aoldham29/YouTube] 1:30 min 
                            • Ground Drilling Animation                                                        [easytv/YouTube] 3:30 min 
                            • Animation of Hydraulic Fracturing (Fracturing)                        [MarathonOilCorp/YouTube] 6:30 min 
                            • Overview on Deep Water Drilling                                              [Deepwater Positioning Operators/YouTube] 8 min 


                          Hydraulic Fracturing

                           
                          The Marcellus Shale Formation, Appalachians

                          Listen/Podcast




                          Coal  ....  A Fossil Fuel

                          • Coal                                                                                  [EIA]
                          • Coal Through a Microscope                                                [Geology.com]
                           
                          Further Reading
                        • The Carbon Age: How Life's Core Element has Become Civilization's Greatest Threat    by Eric Rosten 557 R
                        • The Map That Changed The World     by Simon Winchester
                        •   
                           

                          Petroleum / Crude Oil ... A Fossil Fuel

                          • Oil on My Shoes: An Introduction to Petroleum Geology  
                          • Petroleum Geology: A History Through Time                                                          [AAPG]
                          • U. S. Energy Information Administration
                          • ABO: About Oil
                          • Petroleum                                                                                                                   [EIA]
                          • Shell Oil
                          • Exxon Mobile
                          • List of Oil Exploration and Production Companies                                                   [Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia]
                          • Petrochemical products list                                                                                        [Thomko Petro Chemical]
                          • What fuels are made from crude oil?                                                                         [EIA]
                          • The Alyeska Pipeline, Alaska
                          • What are the products and uses of petroleum?                                                           [EIA]
                          • Salt Domes                                                                                                                 [Geology.com]
                          • Oil                                                                                                                               [EarthScienceAustralia]
                          • 'How Oil and Water Mix in California' by Lauren Sommer, KQED Science, March 31, 2014. Last accessed June 17, 2014 at http://blogs.kqed.org/science/2014/03/31/how-water-and-oil-mix-in-california/ 
                          • 'How Many Gallons of Gas Would It Take to Charge and iPhone?' ExxonMobile Perspectives, June 30, 2012. Accessed online 31 July 2012. http://www.exxonmobilperspectives.com/2011/12/14/how-many-gallons-of-gasoline-would-it-take-to-charge-an-iphone/?utm_source=paid.outbrain.com&utm_medium=cpc
                          • While Oil Gently Seeps From TheSeafloor’  by Oceanus Magazine, Christopher Reddy, May 2009.  Last viewed online August 2014 http://www.whoi.edu/oceanus/viewArticle.do?id=57272

                          • 'California Farmers Look to Oil Industry for Water' by Lauren Sommer, KQED Science, April 7, 2014.  Last accessed June 17, 2014 at  http://blogs.kqed.org/science/audio/california-farmers-look-to-oil-industry-for-water/ 


                          • Watch

                            • 3D Seismic                                                              [ge0physicsrocks/YouTube] 4:30 min
                            • 'Shell Ormen Lange - An industrial talke (full length movie)' [Shell/You Tube]   ~ 11 min 

                            • Oil and Gas Recovery Demonstration                    [aoldham29/YouTube] 1:30 min 
                            • Ground Drilling Animation                                     [easytv/YouTube] 3:30 min 
                            • Animation of Hydraulic Fracturing (Fracturing)    [MarathonOilCorp/YouTube] 6:30 min 
                            • Overview on Deep Water Drilling                          [Deepwater Positioning Operators/YouTube] 8 min 
                            • Santa Barbara Oil Seeps’                                       [Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, Oceanus Magazine]
                            • 3D Animated Oil Rig Visualization                        [TrinityAnimation/Vimeo.com] 1 min
                            • 'Oil & Gas Well Casing'                                          [OilDrillingLearn / YouTube] 6 min





                          Natural Gas   .... A Fossil Fuel


                           Watch
                           

                          Oil Shales & Sands ... Fossil Fuels

                          • What is Shale Gas and Why is it important?                                                          [EIA]
                          • Explore Shale: The Marcellus                                                                                [PennStatePublicBroadcast/ColComFoundation]
                          • Eagle Ford Shale ... connections: Geologic Time Scale and rock formations        [Geology.com]
                          • What are Oil Sands?                                                                                                [OilSandsFactCheck.org]
                          • Recovering Oil Sands                                                                                             [API]
                           
                             


                          Gas / Methane Hydrates/ Clathrates


                          Listen / Podcast


                          Watch




                          Nuclear Energy ... an alternative

                           

                          Geothermal Energy ... an alternative

                           


                           

                          Energy Sources at Earth's Surface

                           

                          Solar Energy 

                          • Solar City
                          • Solar power savings (home $) and The Solar Store              [NYSERDA]
                          • Solar                                                                                   [Energy.gov]
                          • 'How It's Made Solar Panels'                                               [How It's Made/YouTube]   6:15 min
                          • 'Ossining Couple Watch Electric Meter Go Backward' by Nathan Buttrell, The Daily Voice, March 14, 2012. Accessed June 29, 2012. http://ossining.dailyvoice.com/neighbors/ossining-couple-watch-electric-meter-go-backward#welcome
                          • 'Ending Blackouts, One Solar Lamp At A Time'    by Vikas Bajaj, NYTimes, August 6, 2012.  Accessed online http://india.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/08/06/alternate-energy-practices-at-the-grassroots/
                           

                          Wind Energy 

                          • Wind                                                                                     [Energy.gov]
                          • Wind Energy Data Sets and Maps                                          [USGS]
                          • ‘Big Dreams for Small Wind Turbines’ by Melissa Block, National Public Radio. August 27, 2009. 6 July 2012. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=112298310
                           

                          Hydropower

                          • Hydropower Explained                        [EIA]
                          • Greenpower                                        [EPA]
                          • Hydro-electric power                           [Columbia Elect. Dist.]
                          • Tidal Power                                         [EIA]
                          • 'The Physics of Tidal Energy'     by Matthew Wald, NYTimes.  August 10, 2012.  Accessed online 13 August 2012 http://green.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/08/10/the-physics-of-tidal-energy/?ref=science
                          • 'The Search for Energy Takes a Turn Underwater'    by Jess Bidgood, NYTimes.  August 9, 2012.  Accessed online 10 August 2012 http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/10/us/turbine-to-harness-the-tides-to-generate-power.html?hpw


                          Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion 

                            

                          Hydrogen

                           

                          Biomass

                           

                          Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)

                           

                           


                          Balancing The Environment with Extraction

                           


                          Abandoned Mines & Pollution

                           
                           
                          Acid Mine Lakes & Open Pit Mining ..... The Berkeley Pit, Butte, Montana