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RR Relationships

 

Relationship Nuggets in Earth Science

Mrs. McArdle  2012

 

Remember that a relationship is a statement that tells how one variable (independent) affects another variable (dependent).  If you can successfully complete the following correctly, I'd say you’re ready for the Regents exam.  For each relationship below,

a) Identify the independent and dependent variable.

b) EXPRESS how an increase (then a decrease) in the independent variable would change the dependent variable; 

c) classify the relationship as direct, inverse, cyclic or static; 

d) draw a relationship graphically on a set of axes, showing the independent variable on the x-axis, and the dependent variable on the y-axis

 

 

Latitude and the Earth's rotational velocity...            

Orbital velocity of a planet and its distance from the Sun....

Distance from the observer to an object (Moon) and the angular diameter (apparent size) of object (Moon)…

Distance between two objects and the gravitational attraction between them…

The mass of two planets and the gravitational attraction between them…

Speed of an object and kinetic energy…

Elevation of an object and potential energy…

Planet's orbital proximity to a star, and the planet’s period of revolution…

Wavelength frequency and temperature…

Length of wavelength and temperature…

Kinetic energy of molecules and temperature…

Surface texture (smooth to rough) and an object's ability to absorb energy…

Surface color (light to dark) and an object's ability to absorb energy...

Altitude in atmosphere and temperature....

Specific heat and the absorption/re-radiation rate of a substance…

Angle of insolation and the intensity of insolation…

H20 / C02 in the atmosphere and the amount of infrared energy absorbed by the atmosphere…

Ozone in the stratosphere and the amount of ultraviolet hitting the Earth's surface (land)…

For 00 to 900N; latitude and duration of insolation in the summer….

For 00 to 900N; latitude and duration of insolation in the fall and spring…

For 00 to 900N; latitude and duration of insolation in the winter…

Latitude and angle of insolation on the equinox…

Time of day (6 a.m. to 6 p.m.) and the angle of insolation…(be careful!)

Time of day (6 a.m. to 6 p.m.) and the shadow angle of a flag pole…(be careful here, too!)

Air temperature and density of the air …

Humidity and (atmospheric) density …

Air temperature and atmospheric pressure…

Humidity and atmospheric pressure…

Altitude and air pressure…

Pressure gradient and wind speed…

Elevation of the land and temperature…

Volume and density (you may assume that mass remains the same)…

Mass and density (you may assume that volume remains the same)…

Pressure and density…

Air temperature and capacity of air to hold water vapor…

Human population and pollution…

Latitude and gravitational attraction of the Earth (weight)….

In the Northern Hemisphere, latitude and altitude of Polaris…

Spacing between isolines and gradient of a slope…

Relative humidity and probability of precipitation…

The difference between air temp. and dew point temp. and the value of relative humidity…

Surface area and evaporation rate…

Air  temp. and evaporation rate…

Relative humidity of an air mass and evaporation rate…

Angle of insolation and the rate of absorption by Earth’s surface….

Elevation and atmospheric density…

Wavelength and color spectrum (ROYGBIV)…

Latitude and average air temperature…

Temperature and average kinetic energy of molecules in atmosphere…

Duration of insolation and June 21 to December 21 to June 21 in NYS…

Distance from Earth’s center and weight of objects on Earth’s surface…

A star’s color (blue to red) and surface temperature…

A star’s magnitude and rate of evolution…

A star’s size and mass…

A star’s mass and gravitational pull…

Slope of land and infiltration rate…

Porosity and infiltration rate...

Permeability and infiltration rate…

Grain / particle size (sorted) and permeability…

Degree of packing (poor – well) and permeability…

Capillarity and infiltration rate…

Shape of grains / particles (angular – rounded) and permeability…

Degree of sorting (well – poor) and permeability…

Particle size and permeability…

Particle size and capillary action…

Volume of water in a stream and stream discharge…

Slope of land and stream discharge…

Surface area and weathering rates…

Particle size and weathering rates…

Mineral composition (mafic – felsic) and weathering rates…

Stream velocity and size of eroded sediments carried by stream…

Slope of land and erosion rate…

Particle size and deposition rate…

Particle shape and deposition rate...

Particle density and deposition rate…

Rate vs. Time…

Solidification time and size of crystal in igneous rock…

Solidification rate and size of crystal in igneous rock…

Depth of solidification and crystal size in igneous rock…

Distance from epicenter and P wave arrival time…

Traveling from ocean shore to interior of continent and the thickness of the lithosphere…

Composition of magma chamber (mafic – felsic) and the density of the igneous rock…

Continuation of research and amount of scientific support for the Plate Tectonics Theory…

Depth of Earth’s interior and temperature…

Depth of Earth’s interior and pressure…

Depth of Earth’s interior and density of material…

Age of a material and half-life of the material…

The amount of the material and the half-life of the material…

Time and the amount of the parent material left…

Moving down in sedimentary strata and the relative age of the rock…

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