Climates & Climate Change


Changing Climates



Global Warming


  • Neil DeGrasse Tyson: Climate vs. Weather Change                                                              [NatGeo/YouTube] 2 min
  • 'The Geologic Carbon Cycle'                                                                                                  [HHMI]   6 min
  • Trend vs. Variation: Climate vs. Weather                                                                               [TeddyTVNorge/YouTube] 1 min
  • Climate Change & The Future of Weather / How It Happens / The New York Times          [NYTimes//YouTube] 2 min
  • Why People Don’t Believe in Climate Science                                                                      [It’s OK To Be Smart/YouTube] 7:30 min
  • NASA’s Earth Minute: Gas Problem                                                                                       [NASA Earth Minutes/YouTube] 1 min
  • Bill Nye The Science Guy vs. Climate Change & Evolution Deniers                                    [The New York Times/YouTube] 3 min
  • Al Gore: What comes after An Inconvenient Truth?                                                      
  • Vicki Arroyo: Let’s prepare for our new climate                                                            
  • Earth Observatory > Features > In A Warming World, the Storms May Be Fewer but Stronger
  • Earth Observatory > Features > World of Change: Severe Storms
  • Earth Observatory > Features > The Carbon Cycle
  • 'Global Warming Equals Stronger Hurricanes: Meteorologists Find That Increased Ocean Temperatures Cause Increasingly Intense Hurricanes'  Science Daily, American Meteorological Society, American Geophysical Union.  1 February 2008,
  • 'Watch Bubbling Alaska Lakes Catch on Fire'   (1:30 min) and Article by Brian Clark Howard, NatGeo, August 30, 2016.

Climate Models & Modeling


Ocean-Atmosphere Cycles & Scales

The Carbon Cycle

El Nino & La Nina

  • El Nino / How It Happens / The New York Times                                   [The New York Times/YouTube] 2 min
  • Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute > Ocean Topics > El Nino & Other Oscillations

Oceanic Cycles


Microfossils & Paleoclimatology


Quantitative Analysis

Graphing the 'Vostok Ice Core Methane Data for 420,000 Years'  (Excel)
Petit, J.R., et al., 2001, Vostok Ice Core Data for 420,000 Years, IGBP PAGES/World Data Center for Paleoclimatology Data Contribution Series #2001-076. NOAA/NGDC Paleoclimatology Program, Boulder CO, USA.

Antarctica [ANDRILL]


Further Reading

    • The Secret Life of Dust     by Hannah Holmes 551.5 H
    • The Little Ice Age: How Climate Made History 1300 - 1850    by Brian Fagan 551.6 F
    • The Long Summer: How Climate Changed Civilization    by Brian Fagan 551.6 F
    • Floods, Famines, and Emperors: El Nino and the Fate of Civilizations    by Brian Fagan 909 F
    • Lost World: Rewriting Prehistory - How New Science is Tracing America's Ice Age Mariners    by Tom Koppel 979 K
    • Nature's Clock's: How Scientists Measure the Age of Almost Everything    by Doug MacDougall 551.7 M
    • ‘Scientists Target East Coast U.S. Rocks for Carbon Dioxide Storage’ ScienceDaily The Earth Institute at Columbia University. 5 January 2010. 6 July 2012